More events Writing Effective Assessment Criteria Assessment criteria are descriptive statements that provide learners and instructors with information about the qualities, characteristics, and aspects of a given learning task. Assessment criteria make it clear to learners what they are expected to do to demonstrate achievement of the learning outcomes and factors instructors will take into account when making judgments about their performance.
Volume 5, Issue 1: Covill Abstract Fifty-six college students enrolled in two sections of a psychology class were randomly assigned to use one of three tools for assessing their own writing: Students used their assigned self-assessment tool to assess drafts of a course-required, five-page paper.
In addition, across conditions, most students reported that being required to assess their writing shaped their writing practices in desirable ways. When students write in a disciplinary-specific way, they learn more about the discipline and they deepen their understanding of course material Newell, In most cases, class size dictates that students need to have tools to help themselves create quality writing; typically the teacher cannot provide extensive, individual writing support to each student in his or her class.
Another best pedagogical practice is using methods that are supported by research. A commonly recommended method of supporting student writing at all levels of education is to provide students with an instructional writing rubric.
A writing rubric contains a list of criteria that are relevant to producing effective writing Andrade, Instructional rubrics "help students understand what is wanted on an assignment, help students understand what a quality Proponents of the use of rubrics believe they are useful at all levels of schooling, including at the college level Quinlan, The number of criteria contained in rubrics varies.
Most rubrics include six or seven criteria see, e. Popham recommends the inclusion of three to five criteria, arguing that lengthy, highly detailed rubrics are impractical. The present study examines the possibility that providing students with an instructional rubric, i.
Both social cognitive theory and cognitive theory can be used to explain how the use of rubrics might enhance writing performance. According to cognitive theory, use of a rubric might improve writing performance because a rubric may facilitate cognitive processing while writing.
Theoretical Framework Social Cognitive Theory Bandura proposed a social cognitive theory in which "human functioning is explained in terms of" interactions among "behavior, cognitive and other personal factors, and the environment" p. According to Bandura, perceived self-efficacy plays a large role in motivation, perseverance, and consequently, performance.
Another "source of motivation relies on goal setting and self-evaluat[ion] When students are given the specific criteria that are important for success and descriptions of what success looks like, they may be more confident in their abilities to succeed on a writing task and encouraged to work harder.
Rubrics could also increase motivation and effort by helping students set explicit goals for their writing and by giving them standards to use for self-assessment.
Increased motivation and effort may, in turn, boost performance. Cognitive Theory One of the most influential cognitive models of proficient writing was first proposed by Hayes and Flower Like Bandura, Flower sees thinking and behavior as greatly influenced by the context in which it occurs.Reflection Evaluation Criteria (the rubric) Example of one Type of Rubric for a paper.
Criteria Superior ( points) Sufficient ( points) Minimal ( points) Unacceptable (0 points) Depth of Reflection. assessing reading progress1,2, a comprehensive assessment plan is a critical element of an effective school-level plan for preventing reading difficulties. The general principles outlined in this guide, such as the early identification of.
Volume 5, Issue 1: College Students' Use of a Writing Rubric: Effect on Quality of Writing, Self-Efficacy, and Writing Practices.
by Amy E. Covill. Abstract Fifty-six college students enrolled in two sections of a psychology class were randomly assigned to use one of three tools for assessing their own writing: a long rubric, a short rubric, or an open-ended assessment tool.
writing, using national criteria for assessment, and emergent writing courses. 18 August Improving Writing Teaching for Effective Learning Page 11 of 12 • Encourage an individual approach to planning by providing a range of formats with flexibility for pupils to.
assessing reading progress1,2, a comprehensive assessment plan is a critical element of an effective school-level plan for preventing reading difficulties.
The general principles outlined in this guide, such as the early identification of. Oct 25, · Writing Effective Assessment Criteria Assessment criteria make it clear to learners what they are expected to do to demonstrate achievement of the learning outcomes and factors instructors will take into account when making judgments about their performance.