In Portuguese, Brasil; its citizens are Brasileiros or Brasileiras depending on gender. A year later, Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci sailed to Brazil on a voyage commissioned by the Portuguese crown and returned home with a cargo of hard, reddish wood. The wood was similar to an East Indian variety called pau brasil, which was then popular in Europe for making cabinets and violin bows.
And to show that this is no empty boasting for the present occasion, but real tangible fact, you have only to consider the power which our city possesses and which has been won by those very qualities which I have mentioned.
Athens, alone of the states we know, comes to her testing time in a greatness that surpasses what was imagined of her. The Master said, "Sufficient food, sufficient weapons, and the trust of the people.
The current United States Government, of unconstitutional usurpations and tyrannies, has lost mytrust. Free, outspoken, and flourishing, let them live in the city of famous Athens. General, we are all Americans today. Exchange between Robert E. This is America, Jack!
The length of the "New Republic" is suggested by the previous ones: Now that has come and gone, it is clear that nothing significant, however, has changed in the form of American history in the "New Republic," whose defining characteristic is the New Deal. Politically prominent Republicans have questioned this no more than Democrats, though Democrats enjoy accusing Republicans to wanting to dismantle the New Deal.
Whether by fear, dishonesty, or conviction, those prominent Republicans -- including Newt Gingrich or George W. Bush -- avow no such purpose.
However, there can be no " Next Republic " until the spell and the mythology of the New Deal is exploded. There seems little prospect of that at the moment  -- especially after the election of Barack Obamawho is widely expected to institute a "New New Deal," raise taxes, socialize medicine, and legislate or order other leftist desiderata.
Contrary voices at least exist -- although the left, after eight years of wailing about their free speech being suppressed, now will eagerly resort to the "Fairness" rule and campaign finance laws to silence non-conformists -- but in the dominant paradigm of academia, the media, the literati, and main stream politics, our understanding of the world has not altered much since There is even a living and conspicuous apologetic for Communism.
This dismal prospect seems likely to continue indefinitely. The politics of the "Old Republic," although witnessing the greatest growth and settlement of the country, was simply dominated by the issue of slavery, which in the end tore the nation apart.
It is therefore no distraction to note for each new State or Territory whether it is slave or free. The original flag for the 13 Colonies in had 13 stripes but still used the British Union Flag in the canton.
This is called the "Grand Union" or "Cambridge" Flag, and various other flags were in use at the same time. On 14 Junethe Continental Congress adopted a flag with stars as well as stripes for the colonies, as a "new constellation.
It is not known who actually designed this, though the legend is that Betsy Ross made the first one. The flag was first saluted by a foreign power on 14 February when French naval ships saluted John Paul Jones in the Ranger.
At first different ensigns for merchant ships were contemplated, as British merchant ships customarily flew the Red Ensign, while British warships flew the Red, White, or Blue Ensigns.
Cases of American flags that are all stripes are known, both with the familiar red and white stripes, and with red, white, and blue stripes.
Soon, however, all American ships began to fly the standard Stars and Stripes. Here I have included links to two songs about the flag, "The Star Spangled Banner," written when the flag had 15 stars, which became the National Anthem, and "Marching Through Georgia," when the flag had 35 stars, which expresses the feelings of Union soldiers about freeing the slaves and punishing the South for Rebellion.
Since the government has now imposed slavery on everyone, it is no surprise that we no longer hear much about "the Flag that makes you free. This was a Roman symbol. This is usually brought up now only as a joke, since Turkeys are pretty stupid.
But there is still a very real alternative, and that is the Owl, the sacred animal of the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and patroness of the city of Athens, the first classic democracy. Perhaps when we have learned again even a fraction of the wisdom of the Founders, this might be reconsidered.
We have certainly become such fools as to merit no such symbol. In that sense, the Turkey is the national bird.- During the American progressive era of the late 's and early 's, the lives and roles of women changed remarkably.
During this time, woman were beginning to fight for equality, and to try to convince American society that they had much to offer to their country. Contents[show] The APUSH exam underwent a major redesign for The free-response portion now only contains one DBQ and one LEQ (from a choice of two).
Form A DBQ: Explain the reasons why a new conservatism rose to prominence in the United States between and Free response. In summary, Major Problems in California History is a credible and apt source of information on the changing roles of Californian women during and after the Second World War.
Basing their narrations on thorough research and study activities, the authors have been able to offer trustworthy information concerning California in the s and s. largest nation in Latin America, comprises slightly under half the land mass of the South American continent and shares a border with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador.
Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls worldwide, and formed the basis for the women's rights movement in the nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century. In some countries, these rights are institutionalized or supported by law, local custom, and behavior, whereas in others they are ignored and suppressed.
The Great Republic: Presidents and States of the United States of America, and Comments on American History. Taking everything together then, I declare that our city is the School [or "Education"] of Greece [, tês Helládos Paídeusis], and I declare that in my opinion each single one of our citizens, in all the manifold aspects of life, is able to show himself the rightful lord and owner of.