Graphological opinion of Elizabeth I is often based upon her signature, but an assessment of her actual handwriting reveals surprising facts about this highly complex woman. I show here samples taken from three different stages in her life illustrating many other aspects of her personality. Surrounded by counsellors she could not trust, with rumours abounding of the many plots to have the Queen and her papist views overthrown, Mary had her young half-sister imprisoned in the Tower of London, in
SECRET An amateur graphologist pleads for at least a dry run on an assessment technique of potential value in intelligence. The reaction is at times so strong as to give a psychologist the impression that those who shrink from the idea do so because they fear exposure and those who eagerly embrace it are the kind who like to snoop and pry.
Whatever the psychological reasons, one thing is certain: The art of handwriting analysis-graphology, as it is more commonly called, especially in Europe--has two branches: The latter is the subject of this paper.
I am not a professional graphologist, but I have explored the subject enough to be convinced that this black art has a practical application in the assessment of persons to whom access for other character tests is limited.
Since character assessment as distinct from capabilities-testing is as complex as human nature itself, and the art of handwriting analysis is exceedingly difficult in its detail, the most that can be achieved in any short paper is to give an outline of the theory involved, in the hope that those readers who have serious limited-access assessment problems will be encouraged to explore the matter further, independently, either through study bad handwriting and personality analysis by enlisting the services of a professional graphologist.
Plotting the Terms of Reference Anyone undertaking serious study or investigation of graphology--or of any assessment system, for that matter--must settle three formidable related questions before he can safely submerge himself in the "how" of the technique at all, to wit: Most executives appear willing to settle for any assessment system which will consistently and reliably tip them off to those peculiarities of a given individual which will be helpful and those which will be harmful in the job they are trying to fill.
From the purely practical point of view, then, assessment starts with the job description, and that job description should be supplemented by a list of desirable, undesirable, and fatal traits.
In the absence of such a guide, assessment becomes perforce an undertaking to describe all the traits of a given subject, an exceedingly unrealistic exercise in the present state of psychological knowledge and one which, if conscientiously carried out, results in massive and complicated reports, long delayed.
I should accordingly, without prejudice to the usability of graphology in the field of deeper research, answer the first question as follows: We should consider a reasonably acceptable result from this technique to be a report containing a reliable guide to those character-traits of the subject which make him fit or unfit for the job we have in mind, as specified by us, plus a warning on any character-traits that deviate strongly from the average.
For this with apologies to bank tellers we want a stable and mediocre person who is conscientious, able to stand dull routine, accurate, and honest, one who is not quarrelsome, thieving, aggressive, or imaginative. We assume that in other respects he will be run-of-the-mill. Such a potentially dangerous factor ought to be reported to us, even if we have not required it.
Our second problem, semantics, can cause a great deal of difficulty either in the exercise of the graphological art or in the study of it; it is a pitfall into which many have tumbled.
What is an "honest" man? What is a "brave" man? Definition of such words is a practical impossibility, since the third unknown, an ethical standard, is involved. If we could establish agreed ethical standards, we could, no doubt, compose definitions which would be adequate, but there does not now appear to be such a set of standards.
In fact, at this point in human history there seems to be more confusion than ever over whether the end justifies the means or is inseparable from them. We are accordingly, as far as I can see, limited in using characterological terms to those denoting specific acts such as talking, stealing, lying, etc.
Many writers and students on the subject have fallen into the ethics trap, so let both student and practitioner beware. It is necessary to add yet another caution: The analysis of handwriting is an art, not a science, and the quality of the result is dependent upon the caliber and capacity of the artist.
Consequently, the statistical evaluation of graphology according to the accuracy of the results obtained by a cross-section of its practitioners is meaningless. The question whether graphology can be used reliably in assessment work seems to me to depend on whether even one person can do it consistently, not whether a majority of those who claim to be competent can get results.
The evaluator should be aware that a great many so-called graphologists are either dilettantes or charlatans, using an art of which they have a smattering to swindle or astound the gullible.Handwriting analysis is the fast and accurate way to avoid those people who have SABOTAGING personality traits that make a relationship fail.
These easy-to-spot traits can be spotted quickly in a short sample of handwriting. You are what you write! All about the fascinating topic of handwriting analysis.
What you can tell from handwriting, how to use it to help you in . According to the National Pen Company in the U.S., the size of someone's handwriting can determine the type of personality they have. People with small handwriting tend to be shy, studious and.
Some handwriting analysts also study writing samples to determine personality types and some businesses commission this analysis before hiring new employees.
The method is even sometimes used to help couples see if they are compatible. Handwriting Analysis as an Assessment Aid, Keith Laycock. An amateur graphologist pleads for at least a dry run on an assessment technique of potential value in . How you craft letters and words can indicate more than 5, different personality traits, according to the science of graphology, also known as handwriting analysis.
To introduce students to the field, graphologist Kathi McKnight has them write She sells seashells by the seashore in cursive.