The ovaries are mainly made up of 3 kinds of cells. Each type of cell can develop into a different type of tumor:
A risk factor is anything that changes your chance of getting a disease like cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. Some risk factors, like smoking, can be changed. But having a risk factor, or even many, does not mean that you will get the disease.
And some Breast and ovarian cancer who get the disease may not have any known risk factors. Researchers have discovered several risk factors that might increase a woman's chance of developing epithelial ovarian cancer.
Factors that increase your risk of ovarian cancers Getting older The risk of developing ovarian cancer gets higher with age. Ovarian cancer is rare in women younger than Most ovarian cancers develop after menopause.
Half of all ovarian cancers are found in women 63 years of age or older. Being overweight or obese Obesity has been linked to a higher risk of developing many cancers.
The current information available for ovarian cancer risk and obesity is not clear. Obese women those with a body mass index [BMI] of at least 30 may have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer, but not necessarily the most aggressive types, such as high grade serous cancers.
Obesity may also affect the overall survival of a woman with ovarian cancer. Having children later or never having a full-term pregnancy Women who have their first full-term pregnancy after age 35 or who never carried a pregnancy to term have a higher risk of ovarian cancer.
Using fertility treatment Fertility treatment with in vitro fertilization IVF seems to increase the risk of the type of ovarian tumors known as "borderline" or "low malignant potential" described in What Is Ovarian Cancer? Other studies, however, have not shown an increased risk of invasive ovarian cancer with fertility drugs.
If you are taking fertility drugs, you should discuss the potential risks with your doctor. Taking hormone therapy after menopause Women using estrogens after menopause have an increased risk of developing ovarian cancer. The risk seems to be higher in women taking estrogen alone without progesterone for many years at least 5 or The increased risk is less certain for women taking both estrogen and progesterone.
Having a family history of ovarian cancer, breast cancer, or colorectal cancer Ovarian cancer can run in families. Your ovarian cancer risk is increased if your mother, sister, or daughter has or has had ovarian cancer.
The risk also gets higher the more relatives you have with ovarian cancer. Increased risk for ovarian cancer can also come from your father's side.The poor survival in advanced ovarian cancer is due both to late diagnosis as well Treatment Options · Fundraising Events · Clinical Trials · Stay Informed19,+ followers on Twitter.
The reduction in breast and ovarian cancer risk from removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes appears to be similar for carriers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations.
Chemoprevention. Chemoprevention is the use of medicines to try to reduce the risk of cancer. Learn if your family history increases your risk for breast & ovarian cancer.
Ovarian cancer is hard to detect early. Women with ovarian cancer may have no symptoms or mild symptoms until the disease is in an advanced stage. SHARE's Mission. SHARE is a national nonprofit that supports educates, and empowers women affected by breast or ovarian cancer, with a special focus on medically underserved communities.
The mission of the NOCC is to save lives by fighting tirelessly to prevent and cure ovarian cancer, and to improve the quality of life for survivors.