March 11, p. Unfortunately a number of Jews and Jewesses from privileged marriages were also arrested, thereby causing fear and confusion. The scheduled arrest of all Jews on one day has proven a flash in the pan because of the shortsighted behavior of industrialists who warned the Jews in time.
Donate Master propagandist of the Nazi regime and dictator of its cultural life for twelve years, Joseph Goebbels was born into a strict Catholic, working-class family from Rheydt, in the Rhineland, on 29 October He was educated at a Roman Catholic school and went on to study history and literature at the University of Heidelberg under Professor Friedrich Gundolf, a Jewish literary historian renowned as a Goethe scholar and a close disciple of the poet Stefan George.
Goebbels had been rejected for military service during World War I because of a crippled foot - the result of contracting polio as a child - and a sense of physical inadequacy tormented him for the rest of his life, reinforced by resentment of the reactions aroused by his diminutive frame, black hair and intellectual background.
Bitterly conscious of his deformity and fearful of being regarded as a "bourgeois intellectual," Goebbels overcompensated for his lack of the physical virtues of the strong, healthy, blond, Nordic type by his ideological rectitude and radicalism once he joined the NSDAP in The hostility to the intellect of the "little doctor," his contempt for the human race in general and the Jews in particular, and his complete cynicism were an expression of his own intellectual self-hatred and inferiority complexes, his overwhelming need to destroy everything sacred and ignite the same feelings of rage, despair and hatred in his listeners.
In he was made business manager of the NSDAP in the Ruhr district and at the end of the year was already the principal collaborator of Gregor Strasser, leader of the social-revolutionary North German wing of the Party.
Goebbels founded and edited the Nationalsozialistischen Briefe NS Letters and other publications of the Strasser brothers, sharing their proletarian anti-capitalist outlook and call for a radical revaluation of all values. Placed at the head of a small, conflict-ridden organization, Goebbels rapidly succeeded in taking control and undermining the supremacy of the Strasser brothers in northern Germany and their monopoly of the Party press, founding in and editing his own weekly newspaper, Der Angriff The Attack.
He designed posters, published his own propaganda, staged impressive parades, organized his bodyguards to participate in street battles, beer-hall brawls and shooting affrays as a means to further his political agitation. By the "Marat of Red Berlin, a nightmare and goblin of history" had already become the most feared demagogue of the capital city, exploiting to the full his deep, powerful voice, rhetorical fervour and unscrupulous appeal to primitive instincts.
A tireless, tenacious agitator with the gift of paralysing opponents by a guileful combination of venom, slander and insinuation, Goebbels knew how to mobilize the fears of the unemployed masses as the Great Depression hit Germany, playing on the national psyche with "ice-cold calculation.
Looking back many years later 24 JuneHitler observed: Goebbels was gifted with the two things without which the situation in Berlin could not have been mastered: Goebbels, who had not found much in the way of a political organization when he started, had won Berlin in the truest sense of the word.
A cynic, devoid of genuine inner convictions, Goebbels found his mission in selling Hitler to the German public, in projecting himself as his most faithful shield-bearer and orchestrating a pseudo-religious cult of the Fuhrer as the saviour of Germany from Jews, profiteers and Marxists.
As a Reichstag deputy fromhe no less cynically gave open voice to his contempt for the Republic, declaring: We shall become Reichstag deputies in order that the Weimar ideology should itself help us to destroy it.
He was rewarded on 13 March with the position of Reich Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, which gave him total control of the communications media - i.
On May 10, he staged the great ritual " burning of the books " in Berlinwhere the works of Jewish, Marxist and other "subversive" authors were publicly burned in huge bonfires. He became a relentless Jew-baiter, demonizing the stereotyped figure of the "International Jewish Financier" in London and Washington allied with the "Jew-Bolsheviks" in Moscow, as the chief enemy of the Third Reich.
At the Party Day of Victory inGoebbels attacked the "Jewish penetration of the professions" law, medicine, property, theatre, etc. For five years Goebbels chafed at the leash as the Nazi regime sought to consolidate itself and win international recognition.
His opportunity came with the [ Kristallnacht ] Crystal Night pogrom of November, which he orchestrated after kindling the flame with a rabble-rousing speech to Party leaders assembled in the Munich Altes Rathaus Old Town Hall for the annual celebration of the Beer-Hall putsch. Later, Goebbels was one of the chief secret abettors of the " Final Solution ," personally supervising the deportation of Jews from Berlin in and proposing that Jews along with gypsies should be regarded as "unconditionally exterminable.
Inwhen Magda tried to divorce him because of his endless love affairs with beautiful actresses, it was Hitler who intervened to straighten out the situation.
During World War II relations between Hitler and Goebbels became more intimate, especially as the war situation deteriorated and the Minister of Propaganda encouraged the German people to ever greater efforts. After the Allies insisted on unconditional surrender, Goebbels turned this to advantage, convincing his audience that there was no choice except victory or destruction.
In a famous speech on February 18, in the Berlin Sportpalast, Goebbels created an atmosphere of wild emotion, winning the agreement of his listeners to mobilization for total war.
Playing adroitly on German fears of the "Asiatic hordes," using his all-pervasive control of press, film and radio to maintain morale, inventing mythical "secret weapons" and impregnable fortresses in the mountains where the last stand would be made, Goebbels never lost his nerve or his fighting spirit.
It was his quick thinking and decisive action on the afternoon of July 20,when he isolated the conspirators in the War Ministry with the help of detachments of loyal troops, which saved the Nazi regime.
Shortly afterwards he achieved his ambition to be warlord on the domestic front, following his appointment in July as General Plenipotentiary for Total War.
Given the widest powers to move and direct the civilian population and even to redistribute manpower within the armed forces, Goebbels imposed an austerity programme and pressed for ever greater civilian sacrifice. But with Germany already close to collapse, it was too late to accomplish anything beyond further dislocations and confusion.
He had his six children poisoned with a lethal injection by an SS doctor and then himself and his wife Magda shot by an SS orderly on May 1, With characteristic pathos and egomania he declared not long before his death:In Nazi Germany, Dr Joseph Goebbels was in charge of propaganda.
Goebbels official title was Minister of Propaganda and National Enlightenment. As Minister of Enlightenment, Goebbels . JOSEPH GOEBBELS. German Nazi Party member Joseph Goebbels became Adolf Hitler's propaganda minister in , which gave him power over . Nazi propaganda promoted Nazi ideology by demonizing the enemies of the Nazi Party, especially Jews and communists, but also capitalists and intellectuals.
The campaign against Jews was especially intensive, and was a direct result of Hitler 's influence on Nazi policy. Joseph Goebbels Biography War Crimes (–) Joseph Goebbels served as minister of propaganda for the German Third Reich under Adolf Hitler—a position from which he spread the Nazi Born: Oct 29, Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism.
Discover Joseph Goebbels famous and rare quotes. Share Joseph Goebbels quotations about propaganda, lying and war. "A lie told once remains a lie but " Login Sign Up. Authors; Propaganda works best when those who are being manipulated are confident they are acting on their own free will.