The favourite and last of 11 children of an austere Presbyterian father and a genial Anglican mother, young, frail Irving grew up in an atmosphere of indulgence. He escaped a college education, which his father required of his older sons, but read intermittently at the law, notably in the office of Josiah Ogden Hoffman, with whose pretty daughter Matilda he early fell in love. He wrote a series of whimsically satirical essays over the signature of Jonathan Oldstyle, Gent.
It is based on local history but is rooted in European myth and legend. Irving reportedly wrote it one night in England, in June,after having spent the whole day talking with relatives about the happy times spent in Sleepy Hollow. The author drew on his memories and experiences of the Hudson River Valley and blended them with Old World contributions.
Rip is a simple-minded soul who lives in a village by the Catskill Mountains. Beloved by the village, Rip is an easygoing, henpecked husband whose one cross to bear is a shrewish wife who nags him day and night. He awakens twenty years later and returns to his village to discover that everything has changed.
The disturbing news of the dislocation is offset by the discovery that his wife is dead. On his return, everything has drastically changed. The village has grown much larger, new houses stand in place of old ones, and a Yankee hotel occupies the spot where the old Dutch inn once stood.
The people are different, too. Gone are the phlegmatic burghers, replaced by active, concerned citizens. Rip returns as an alien to a place that once considered him important; he discovers that life has passed on without his presence. Irving makes clear that change is inevitable and that one pays a huge price by trying to evade it.
Irving takes pity on his comical creation, however, and does not punish him. Instead, Rip is allowed back into the new society and tolerated for his eccentricities, almost as if he were a curiosity. Rip has slept through vital political, social, and economic changes, including the Revolutionary War, and he returns ignorant but harmless.
Rip awakens twenty years later and discovers that his gun and his faithful dog are gone.
He notes the changes in the village and sees another Rip Van Winkle character there, has a sudden loss of identity when he returns, and realizes that there has occurred the birth of a new nation, with the replacement of King George by George Washington.
Irving emphasizes the comic rather than the tragic, because Rip turns all the above into a positive affirmation of himself. He acquires a new identity and has a wondrous tale to tell of irresponsibility which counterpoints the stress of puritan ethics. Five stage plays have been made of the story, beginning in Perhaps the most famous adaptation was made by noted nineteenth century American actor Joseph Jefferson III, who played the role of Rip for forty-five years in a very popular and much-beloved interpretation.Download The Legend of Sleepy Hollow Study Guide Subscribe now to download this study guide, along with more than 30, other titles.
Get help with any book. Download PDF Summary (Comprehensive. Resins & customs for sale by Bonnie Krueger - 1/19/ Browse galleries of finished horses. Anthologies Warner, Charles D., ed. The Library of the World’s Best Literature. With 5, selections and over 1, essays on primary authors and literary genres, this 20,page anthology stands as a monument of the best critique and editorial expertise of the early twentieth century.
Eliot, Charles W., ed. – The Harvard Classics and Harvard Classics Shelf of Fiction. As a child, I was familiar with the stories of Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, but did not know of Irving's other works. I really enjoyed these short stories and to . List of the best short story writers of all time.
From Voltaire to George Saunders, a complete list of the greatest short story authors who have written works in English or whose works have been translated into English. Usually, short fiction features a small cast of characters and is. Nov 01, · Reserve a table at Coles Main, Lexington on TripAdvisor: See unbiased reviews of Coles Main, rated of 5 on TripAdvisor and ranked #5 of restaurants in Lexington.