Terminology[ edit ] Parliament House with skyscrapers of the Central Business District in the background, photographed in The term Government of Singapore can have a number of different meanings. At its widest, it can refer collectively to the three traditional branches of government — the Executive branchLegislative branch the President and Parliament of Singapore and Judicial branch the Supreme Court and Subordinate Courts of Singapore.
The place name "Singapore" is derived from Singa-pura "City of the Lion"a commonly used term since the fourteenth century. The different communities do not regard themselves as sharing a culture; instead, they consider themselves parts of a whole.
This is illustrated by reference to a popular local dish, Rojaka salad in which the various ingredients are covered by the same peanut sauce, forming a distinct whole with each ingredient clearly discernible.
The peanut sauce is Singaporeanness; the other ingredients are the different cultural traditions. Singapore lies at the tip of the Malay peninsula.
It borders Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei.
Its area is square miles square kilometersincluding the main island and some sixty islets. The main island is flat with a hilly region in the middle. The highest point is Bukit Timah, feet meters above sea level.
The climate is tropical with high humidity and abundant rainfall, especially during the northeast monsoon in December to March.
The period of the southwest monsoon June to September is usually the driest.
The main island is fully urbanized with a dense commercial city center to the south. Around the city center are new townships that house about 86 percent of the population.
The townships are self-contained and have high-rise apartment blocks, shops, medical and social service buildings, religious buildings, and schools; they are well connected by the Mass Rapid Transport System MRTwhich circles the island.
Singapore has a population of about three million, 2. The other three hundred thousand are mainly foreign workers. The Chinese constitute about 78 percent, the Malays 14 percent, the Indians 7 percent, and others 1 percent of the population.
The ethnic composition of the population has been relatively stable. Singapore is a multilingual state. English is the administrative language and the medium of instruction in schools. Pupils also choose one of the "mother tongues": Malay, Tamil, and Chinese.
There are various subdialects of the different languages. Economic prosperity and political stability are associated with the national culture, as is the Singaporean concept kiasu. Kiasu means "afraid to lose" and refers to the wish to come in first in lines, competitions, negotiations, and so forth.
Some say kiasu keeps standards high, but others claim it leads to a graceless society. The flag is divided into equal red and white horizontal sections symbolizing unity and purity. A white crescent moon and five stars in a circle symbolize a growing nation and the ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice, and equality.
The national anthem and national motto are in Malay.
Other symbols draw on the distinct ethnic traditions. Chinese, Malays, and Indians draw on symbolic materials and ritual practices from their own traditions and for their own purposes. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Singapore emerged as a nation after For nearly one hundred fifty years it had been a British colony that was intimately linked to the whole Malay peninsula.
Singapore Singapore came into being as a British trade port in and continued as one of the three British "Strait Settlements. The British did little to integrate the population, largely leaving each community to itself. Singapore gained independence in and joined the Union of Malaya in but was expelled in The next five years were marked by the "policy of survival.
The "survival policy" was based on the attraction of foreign investment through low taxes, the development of an efficient infrastructure, a disciplined workforce, and strict political control.
In thirty years Singapore changed from a rough trading port to a rich, orderly, industrialized society. The remembrance of social and economic difficulties influenced the development of a national culture with a focus on wealth and stability and the idea of multiculturalism.
There is no single dominant national identity.The PRS Group is the world’s leading quant-driven political risk and country risk rating and forecasting firm. Learn more about our products & services. The President of the Republic of Singapore is the country's head of state.
Singapore has a parliamentary system of government. Executive authority is exercised by the Cabinet led by the Prime Minister of plombier-nemours.com current president is Halimah Yacob, who was elected unopposed at the presidential plombier-nemours.com is the first female President of Singapore and first Malay head of state in The politics of Singapore takes the form of a parliamentary representative democratic republic whereby the President of Singapore is the head of state, the Prime Minister of Singapore is the head of government, and of a multi-party system.
Executive power is exercised by the cabinet from the parliament, and to a lesser extent, the President. Political Life Government. Singapore is a republic with a parliamentary system. The head of state is the president, who is elected for a fixed term of six years.
Political System of China refers to the political structure, fundamental laws, rules and regulation and practices that are implemented in Mainland China, and which control the state power, government, and the relationships between the state and society.
Political System. According to Quah as cited in Funston: “Controlled democracy” – “a republic with a parliamentary system of government based on the British Westminster model, but which has been adopted to suit the local conditions”.