French national identity is based on the historical origins of the nation in Celtic, Gallo-Roman, and Frankish cultures. The name "France" originally was used to refer to several peoples in the lower Rhineland. It gradually was introduced as a more widespread term to denote that territory, formerly known as Gaul, after the Frankish invasion and the retreat of the Romans. The name "Francia" was applied to various territorial units until the Middle Ages, when it came to signify the kingdom of the French sovereign.
Aptosimum indivisum, Ornithogalum juncifolium, Relhania pungens, Aristea abyssinica, Helichrysum ecklonis, Leucospermum cuneiforme, Pelargonium pulverulentum. Names for which I have no derivations or about which I have further questions are being put on a separate page here and will be investigated further at a later date.
I have included names which are no longer current because the individuals which these names commemorate nevertheless contributed to Southern African flora and deserve to be recognized and remembered.
Also included here are the generic names of invasive species. Many of my entries have been added to and fleshed out by additional information from Hugh Clarke from the work which we hope at some point to have published, and I thank him greatly for the work he has done.
He is commemorated with Psoralea abbottii, Apodytes abbottii, Erica abbottii, Maytenus abbottii and Lydenburgia abbottii which is one of the rarest South African endemic tree species. He is commemorated with the species Homalium abdessammadii.
He was recommended by Sir Joseph Banks to accompany William Pitt Amherst as Chief Medical Officer on the frigate Alceste originally the French frigate Minerve captured by the British in which was carrying him on his ambassadorial appointment to Chinaa mission that turned out to be Britain's second unsuccessful attempt to establish better commercial relations with that country and which failed due to Lord Amherst's refusal to perform the kowtow to the Emperor.
After he was refused permission to enter Peking, the The wine manual by jacques marie essay cruised along the coasts of Korea and the Ryukyu Islands but was wrecked on a submerged rock at the entrance of the Gaspar Straits in the Java Sea.
Amherst, Abel, and part of the crew managed to make it to Batavia in the ship's boats. While Abel was serving in the British Embassy at Canton, he collected specimens and seeds of the plant now known as Abelia chinensis, and of many other plants, and visited the famous nursery gardens at Fa Tee Fa Ti on the southern bank of the Pearl River in Canton.
Unfortunately all of his specimens were lost in the shipwreck and a subsequent pirate attack, however he had given a small collection to George Staunton at Canton, and these materials were returned to him.
This was the last visit to China by a Western naturalist for almost 30 years. On the outbound voyage he was at the Cape of Good Hope from 18 April to 5 May studying the geology of the Cape Peninsula as far as Hout Bay, and on the return was at the Cape from 25 May to 11 June during which time he extended his observations.
He was the first Westerner to report the presence on the island of Sumatra of orangutans, which today are considered a separate species from the Bornean orangutan and which are named Pongo abelii.
He also met Napoleon when they stopped at St. He kept a documented record of his travels, later published as his Narrative of a Journey in the Interior of China Erica abelii was published by Ted Oliver in He conducted a lifelong study of natural history, mainly dealing with intestinal parasites, leeches and protozoans.
He was Secretary of the Academy of Sciences at CopenhagenHe was the author of Historia brevis Regii Instituti Veterinarii Hafniensisand many other works on medicine and zoology.
He was the first to examine and describe the mineral species Cryolite from Greenland. The genus Abildgaardia in the Cyperaceae was published in by Danish-Norwegian botanist and zoologist Martin Vahl.
He was one of the last students of Linnaeus and continued the work that Linnaeus began, publishing many works on lichens. He was also director of the Vadstena Hospital which he had founded. The genus Acharia was named for him plus several species.
It is not directly stated, but he is mentioned frequently in the work in which the species is first described in so it is likely that he is the person that this epithet honors. The taxon in southern Africa with this specific epithet is Graphina acharii, which has the common name Achar's graphina lichen.
He is commemorated in Scleria achtenii. He is commemorated in Erica acockii, Elegia acockii, Restio acocki, Cliffortia acockii, and others. He previously spelled his name Acock. He is commemorated with Anaptychia adamesii. Adames who also collected in Sierra Leone and may be a relative of Peter Adames.
Adamson published on the vegetation of South Africa and wrote a flora of the Cape area, eventually retiring to Scotland in He was honored with the names of Wahlenbergia adamsonii and Trachyandra adamsonii. He also attended lectures and field trips of both Bernard and Antoine de Jussieu.
At the age of 19 he compiled a catalogue of 5, species of plants grown since at the Jardin du Roi, and began thinking about various classification systems. He was chosen to go to Senegal in by the Director of the Compagnie des Indes and remained there for five years, collecting and describing plant and animal specimens, drawing maps of the country, making systematic meteorological and astronomical observations, and preparing grammars and dictionaries of the languages spoken.
He returned to Paris inthe year after Linnaeus had published his Species Plantarum, which described a system which was based on the number and arrangement of the sexual organs of plants, was to be used merely for identification purposes, but did not attempt to establish relationships between species.
Soon he was working with the de Jussieu brothers on a manuscript of plant classification for use at the Garden Trianon at Versailles, and in he published his Familles naturelles des plantes, a system of classification distinct from those of Buffon and Linnaeus, which was based on his idea that plants should be classified into families based on a sum of their characteristics and not merely on a single character.
It's unclear to me whether Adanson or Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu was the father of plant families and which one was the inspiration for the other, because they were working together and undoubtedly influenced each other.
But in any case Adanson was the first to publish. In the Garden Trianon closed and he was disappointed not to realize his ambition of being the director of the garden or a professor of botany.plombier-nemours.com is the place to go to get the answers you need and to ask the questions you want.
Essay: French Revolution – Death of Marat (painting analysis, representations of the past) The Death of Marat, is an idealistic portrait painted by Jacques-Louis David, depicting the assassination of one of the leaders of the French Revolution, Jean-Paul Marat.
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